If you have a spray task ahead, the best way to handle it is to use a paint sprayer. A paint sprayer allows you to reach the depths and cracks of the surface. One advantage of using a paint sprayer is that you can achieve a more uniform appearance within a short time without needing to apply multiple coats.
You need to know how to choose the right paint sprayer to get the best results from your painting job. Several types of paint sprayers are available in the market, and the following factors will determine which one you should choose.
- The paint you want to use and the quantity needed
- Type of surface you want to paint
- The speed of application
- The finished results
The above factors will help you streamline your choice and pick the right sprayer for your project. It is also essential to pick the best spray painter.
Airless Paint Sprayer
It is a common paint sprayer; as the name implies, it can work without an air compressor. It functions using a high-pressure pump that can produce between 500 to 7500 PSI of pressure. It works in conjunction with an electric motor allowing the production of different spray patterns using various sizes of nozzles.
One good thing about the airless paint sprayer is that it can be effectively used for thick coatings and different types of fluids. It is commonly used by contractors handling heavy-duty industrial and marine equipment. It is also suitable for interior and exterior painting jobs for commercial and residential properties.
You can find these airless paint sprayers sold with pumps typically powered by an electric motor. However, some are powered with diesel, hydraulic systems, gasoline, or compressed air. One advantage of the gasoline-powered paint sprayer is that it comes with gas engines and is mobile. This means it can easily be moved and used in places without electricity.
- Due to the high-pressure pump spray, the paint can reach the corners and holes, allowing an even application and more refined finish.
- Users can apply less amount of thick coats to achieve the desired effect. This helps you manage your paint effectively.
- It saves you the hassle of a paint refill since you will spray the coat from the can holding it.
- It is convenient and comfortable compared to other types since the weight of the sprayer is light.
- It is widely applicable and can be used in various types of coating, texture, and viscosity.
- Due to the nature of the airless paint sprayer, there’s a lot of pollution. This results from overspray at high pressures allowing the paint to escape through the nozzle or tip.
- Many paint waste can occur as a significant amount of spray ends up in the air or other surfaces.
Harold Ransburg, in the late 1940s, patented electrostatic spray painting. He discovered that atomized paint particles could be negatively charged and thus repel each other as they are expelled from the spray tip. The expelled spray sticks to the surface being painted since it is positively charged. The electrostatic sprayers work on the theory that like charges repel and unlike charges attract.
This method of painting can significantly increase the amount of paint that gets to the surface or object being painted and reduce the quantity of paint used. It is also easier to get to hard-to-reach parts of an object as the paint can spread to other areas from the area of application.
Using this sprayer, the object should be baked to attach the coating to the object permanently. It is widely used in the automotive industry for painting machines such as bike frames, engine parts, and vessels.
- Good control of the amount of spray deposited, thereby reducing overspray
- A more unified finish since the spray can be evenly distributed
- High cost of purchasing the electrostatic sprayers
- Some of the sprays can get on the painter. However, this can be controlled with the help of protective gear.
Air Assisted Airless Sprayers
Much thicker coatings can be dispelled. This sprayer uses fluid and air pressure through a pump to atomize the paint. An airless pump aids the fluid pressure, and the air is introduced into it through the air nozzle or air cap.
The compressed air improves the coating and overall finished work. It also makes it easier to control the spray pattern with an air-assisted airless unit.
Air Paint Sprayers
Air paint sprayers use compressed air to atomize the paint. The typical components are the air compressor, a paint cup or basin, and an air gun with a spray tip or nozzle. The paint mixes with the compressed air stream and is expelled through the nozzle of the air pistol when the trigger is pulled, coating the surface or object with spray.
The spray’s uniformity and pattern depend on the nozzle’s size and shape. The viscosity of the paint you can spray with also plays an important role. One good thing about the air paint sprayer is that it allows you to spray various fluids and paint various objects or surfaces.
You can also purchase various spray tips for the same air paint sprayer. It can be used to paint the interior and exterior of buildings and furniture.
High Volume Low-Pressure Paint Sprayers
The HVLP paint sprayers are like the typical air paint sprayer. However, the significant difference is that it uses air with lower pressure to atomize the paint and push it to the painted object. The most significant benefit is that it reduces overspray compared to an air sprayer.
The HVLP spray gun has a regulator that allows you to control the pressure from the air compressor. The lower pressure allows more paint effectively settle on the object or surface being painted instead of the surrounding air. This leads to less air pollution. THE HVLP paint sprayers are used for automotive parts like furniture, vessels, and cosmetic and architectural coating.
- Less overspray and air pollution
- Less wastage of paint
- Time-consuming since it takes more time to complete a painting task.
- Reduced user comfort since you have to carry refill cups in addition to the spray gun.
- The hassle of constantly refilling the paint cup.
Low Volume Low Pressure
LVLP uses low-volume air at low pressures to atomize and spray paint. This helps to reduce the compressed air consumed.
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